By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, Charles Wessner, Kenneth Flamm, Masayuki Kondo, Sadao Nagaoka
Spotting ability to innovate and commercialize new high-technology items is more and more a key for the industrial progress within the atmosphere of tighter environmental and source constraints, governments around the globe have taken lively steps to bolster their nationwide innovation platforms. those steps underscore the assumption of those governments that the emerging charges and dangers linked to new probably high-payoff applied sciences, their spillover or externality-generating results and the turning out to be worldwide festival, require nationwide R&D courses to help the techniques by means of new and current high-technology businesses inside of their borders. The nationwide learn Council's Board on technological know-how, expertise, and fiscal coverage (STEP) has launched into a research of chosen overseas innovation courses compared to significant U.S. courses. The "21st Century Innovation structures for the us and Japan: classes from a Decade of switch" symposium reviewed executive courses and projects to aid the advance of small- and medium-sized organisations, government-university- collaboration and consortia, and the effect of the highbrow estate regime on innovation. This e-book brings jointly the papers offered on the convention and gives a historic context of the problems mentioned on the symposium.
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Extra info for 21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium
First, Japanese policymakers have adopted a system of technology transfer based on the principle of university ownership of patent rights, following precedents set out in the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980. In particular, the Japanese BayhDole Act (The Law on the Special Measures for Revitalizing Industrial Activities) was enacted in 1999, and permits the retention by the grantees or by contractors of the patents to the inventions derived from publicly funded research. In 1998, legislation to promote the establishment and activities of Technology Licensing Organizations (TLOs) was enacted.
In addition, the IAI has to delineate its planning and checking process in an annual plan and an annual report, both of which are reviewed by the evaluation committee. An annual budget will be provided to each IAI based on the results of the mid-term plan evaluation as well as the annual planning and checking process. 37 TECHNOLOGY POLICIES IN JAPAN 35 Targets Results Billions of Yen 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Fiscal Year FIGURE 6 Implementation of SBIR. SOURCE: METI.
He also points out the importance of strengthening the patent policy of standard bodies, including the clariﬁcation of the RAND conditions. Furthermore, he points out the importance of facilitating the efﬁcient utilization of disclosed information for R&D and patenting decisions by a ﬁrm. 6 percent of the total national investments in research and development. 5 percent of the basic research in the United States and in Japan. Moving research ideas from the university to the marketplace is a key challenge for innovation-driven growth.
21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, Charles Wessner, Kenneth Flamm, Masayuki Kondo, Sadao Nagaoka