By Brian Galligan
This provocative booklet, first released in 1995, argues that Australia is already a federal republic instead of a constitutional monarchy. It argues that via adopting a federal structure in 1901 Australians ensured their prestige as a sovereign humans. whereas the ebook doesn't deny the parliamentary and monarchic components of the Australian procedure, it demands a favorable reassessment of the structure. Brian Galligan forcefully argues that the Australian structure has primacy over the opposite political associations of the country. The ebook considers primary concerns that come up in dialogue of the structure and federalism, together with the function of the Senate, the opportunity of a invoice of rights, the way in which the excessive courtroom matches into the present procedure and the character of governmental kin. This ebook will overturn the orthodoxies of a lot educated opinion and should problem republicans and monarchists alike. Brian Galligan's special standpoint as a political scientist throws mild on many facets of federalism and should stimulate huge debate.
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Extra info for A Federal Republic: Australia's Constitutional System of Government
It also shows us why nationality is not a conservative idea. A moment’s glance at the historical record shows that nationalist ideas have as often been associated with liberal and socialist programmes as with programmes of the right. In their first appearance, they were often associated with liberal demands for representative gov- In Defence of Nationality 33 ernment put forward in opposition to established ruling elites. Linda Colley’s studies of the emergence of British nationalism in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries show that nationalist ideas were developed by middle-class and popular movements seeking to win a place in the public realm, and resisted by the state and the landowning class that supported it.
7 This common civilization would set the standard for, in particular, the social rights of citizenship; it would define a minimum level of education, income, housing and so forth that citizens must have as part of their common heritage. Marshall’s view runs into difficulties, however, once the idea of a common civilization is challenged by the emergence of radical cultural pluralism. 8 If there is no longer a shared‘common heritage’ or‘ w a y of life’ by reference to which citizens’ rights can be defined, how are we to arrive at the conception of social justice that defines citizenship?
At large. But it is to claim that a proper account of ethics should give weight to national boundaries, and that in particular there is no objection in principle to institutional schemes that are designed to deliver benefits exclusively to those who fall within the same boundaries as ourselves. The third proposition is political, and states that people who form a national community in a particular territory have a good claim to political self-determination; there ought to be put in place an institutional structure that enables them to decide collectively matters that concern primarily their own community.
A Federal Republic: Australia's Constitutional System of Government by Brian Galligan