By Teresa Wright
Why hasn't the emergence of capitalism led China's citizenry to press for liberal democratic switch? This booklet argues that China's mixture of state-led improvement, overdue industrialization, and socialist legacies have affected well known perceptions of socioeconomic mobility, fiscal dependence at the nation, and political recommendations, giving electorate incentives to perpetuate the political establishment and disincentives to include liberal democratic change.
Wright addresses the ways that China's political and fiscal improvement stocks broader positive aspects of state-led overdue industrialization and post-socialist transformation with nations as varied as Mexico, India, Tunisia, Indonesia, South Korea, Brazil, Russia, and Vietnam.
With its specified research of China's significant socioeconomic teams (private marketers, nation quarter employees, inner most zone employees, execs and scholars, and farmers), Accepting Authoritarianism is an updated, complete, and coherent textual content at the evolution of state-society family in reform-era China.
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Additional info for Accepting Authoritarianism: State-Society Relations in China's Reform Era
As this transpires, capitalists become less fearful that mass democracy will result in the confiscation of private assets. ” 87 In postsocialist states such as China, however, this relationship has not held true. INTRODUCTION 21 Other scholars (most notably, political sociologists Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Evelyne Huber Stephens, and John D. Stephens) argue that the working class is the champion of democratic reform. Even so, Rueschemeyer, Stephens, and Stephens emphasize that the working class needs allies, especially in late-developing countries with smaller and weaker urban working classes.
Thus, at present, there is little evidence that China will repeat the experience of seventeenth- to eighteenth-century England, where private capital holders were at the forefront of democratization. The reason: Unlike in England, China’s capitalists are operating within the context of state-led development, late industrialization, and a legacy of socialism. As the reform era has progressed, the confluence of these factors has affected private entrepreneurs’ perceptions of socioeconomic mobility; economic dependence on the party-state; socioeconomic polarization; and political options such that a substantial portion of private businesspeople has come to hold a clear stake in the perpetuation of CCP rule.
99 Yet, as demonstrated in the survey data and research on popular protests described above, there is little empirical evidence to back this view. As a result, the sanguine ideas of these policy makers and scholars are far from universal. Indeed, most experts have a far less optimistic view when it comes to China’s prospects for a liberal democratic future. ” Mann argues that this naïve expectation ignores the CCP’s ruthless and successful determination to stifle all political opposition, as well as its stubborn refusal to embrace meaningful INTRODUCTION 23 political change.
Accepting Authoritarianism: State-Society Relations in China's Reform Era by Teresa Wright