New PDF release: Adapting Institutions: Governance, Complexity and

By Emily Boyd, Carl Folke

ISBN-10: 0521897505

ISBN-13: 9780521897501

Worldwide environmental swap is going on at a price swifter than people have ever skilled. weather switch and the lack of atmosphere prone are the 2 major international environmental crises dealing with us at the present time. therefore, there's a desire for larger knowing of the explicit and common resilience of networked ecosystems, towns, businesses and associations to deal with switch. during this publication, a world staff of specialists supply state-of-the-art insights into development the resilience and adaptive governance of complicated social-ecological platforms. via a suite of case reviews, it makes a speciality of the social technological know-how size of atmosphere administration within the context of world switch, in a circulate to bridge present gaps among resilience, sustainability and social technological know-how. utilizing empirical examples starting from neighborhood to worldwide degrees, perspectives from a number of disciplines are built-in to supply a necessary source for students, policy-makers and scholars, looking cutting edge ways to governance.

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Additional resources for Adapting Institutions: Governance, Complexity and Social-Ecological Resilience

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Social psychologists and sociologists argue that individuals are most influenced by the people with whom they frequently engage or interact (Cooley 1909, Festinger et€al. 1950, Homans 1950, Kadushin 1966). Homogeneity refers to the tendency for people to have more connections to others of their own kind, whether kind is defined by characteristics such as gender, race and social class, or by other attributes. This implies that individuals are likely to develop an understanding of the status of a natural resource similar to that of other members of the same stakeholder group.

Using a social network perspective, one can identify the distribution of different types of actors and their knowledge in a community. This could be translated into a concept of the social system or ‘social landscape’ as being uneven instead of ‘flat’ (that is, homogeneous). This means that social or institutional entrepreneurs (Maguire 2004), with the ability to navigate and tie together this uneven landscape, are crucial in the pursuit of connecting disparate subgroups, facilitating communication and, hopefully, improving governance.

Once respondents had been classified into an occupational group, the relationships of individuals were used to analyse the aggregated pattern of relations among and within these occupational groups (see further details in Crona and Bodin 2006). 17 18 Beatrice Crona and Örjan Bodin In addition, using the relational data, structural network measures based on network position were used to identify the most influential individuals of the community. g. Wasserman and Faust 1994). A range of network centrality measures, with specific relation to influence and possibility for leadership, are available.

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Adapting Institutions: Governance, Complexity and Social-Ecological Resilience by Emily Boyd, Carl Folke

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