By J P Parry
This ebook relates the political historical past of mid-nineteenth-century Britain to the assumptions which then prevailed in regards to the summary ethical reasons of political job. loads of mid-Victorian writers and politicians expressed far-reaching hopes for the long run improvement of British society, certainly for its regeneration; and such hopes have been encouraged by means of their non secular outlook. They contended that those goals will be promoted via the pursuit, through governments, of specific academic, ecclesiastical, Irish and different regulations. half I of this ebook examines at size the various aspirations, during this course, of the various parts of Gladstone's Liberal get together. as well as Gladstone's personal perspectives, these of whigs, wide churchmen, theist intellectuals, excessive churchmen's pursuits are all analysed, in an account which levels a long way past the closing dates steered by way of the book's identify. half II recounts the disputes in the occasion which those conflicting goals provoked among 1867 and 1875. those years have been marked by means of the increase and fall of Gladstone's first and such a lot energetic executive, by means of the disestablishment of Irish Church in 1869 and the passage of the 1870 hassle-free schooling Act. moreover, politicians have been brought to a protracted sequence of broader and extra intangible issues of connotations for spiritual and political balance - together with these thrown up by way of the 1867 Reform Act, the Vatican Council, the Franco-Prussian battle, the growth of the free-thinking stream, the increase of the house rule occasion in eire, and the expansion of ritualism in the Church of britain. Dr Parry exhibits how the try to take on those matters slowly paralysed the effectiveness of Gladstone's executive, resulting in its fall in 1874, and to a main issue concerning the identification of British Liberalism which was once by no means to that end resolved. an extended creation and end re-evaluate the heritage of the Liberal celebration among 1832 and 1886, within the mild of the book's findings. Dr Parry's paintings bargains a appreciably new synthesis of political, highbrow and ecclesiastical historical past. It demanding situations the view that nineteenth-century politics could be understood correctly whether it is handled in essentially secular phrases.
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Extra resources for Democracy and Religion: Gladstone and the Liberal Party 1867-1875
U. Henriques, Religious toleration in England 1787-1833 (London, 1961), pp. 32-55. 48 After the reform of parliament in 1832, two of the evangelical sects whose membership was growing so spectacularly, the baptists and congregationalists, made only a gradual impact in the Commons. 49 More importantly, through the agitations of individuals, they slowly became a powerful force in arousing and then radicalising provincial political nonconformity. The first sign of this radicalisation had been the resistance to churchrate payment in the late 1830s; but it reached maturity with the activity of the mid 1840s.
Jones, 'Liberation Society and Welsh polities'. Ingham, 'Disestablishment movement', p. 39. Introduction 29 independent citizen. 67 But, of profound importance, it also enabled Liberals to look on the working-man in a different and more religious light than before. Many of the working-men who were most prominent in constituency politics had risen through the local political network provided by nonconformist organisation. 68 Standard demands from politically active artisans were for the extension of unsectarian education and for other means of encouraging selfadvancement, such as temperance.
Newman's The soul (1849), Greg's Creed of Christendom (1851), the commentaries ofjowett and Stanley on the epistles of St Paul (both 1855), Buckle's History of civilization in England (1857-61), Mill's On liberty (1859), the collection of Essays and reviews (1860), Spencer's First principles (1862), and Seeley's Ecce Homo (1865), were among the tracts most widely discussed by those who meditated upon religious dogma. Similarly controversial, of course, were scientific works such as Chambers' Vestiges of the natural history of creation (1844) and Darwin's Origin of species (1859).
Democracy and Religion: Gladstone and the Liberal Party 1867-1875 by J P Parry