By Eugene E. Garcia
This is often the main complete, updated quantity at the nation of bilingual schooling within the usa and, particularly, on potent curriculum and educational methods. Eugene Garc?a, a well known authority on bilingual schooling, depicts the great scope and complexity of the matter of teaching English language inexperienced persons. He units forth a conceptual framework to steer academic coverage and perform that displays democratic beliefs and values. This authoritative reference: * presents a entire overview of concept, examine, perform, and coverage that competently characterizes the schooling of bilingual scholars in U.S. colleges. * provides an research of lecturers, study rooms, faculties, and groups that experience effectively proficient bilingual kids by way of using assorted educational concepts. * Addresses language, social, and cognitive concerns as they intersect with a number of educational practices. * Identifies the features of powerful bilingual education schemes, featuring examples of faculty courses that exemplify those features.
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Extra info for Teaching And Learning in Two Languages: Bilingualism And Schooling in the United States (Multicultural Education Series)
BILINGUAL DEVELOPMENT Relative to native monolingual acquisition research, little systematic investigation has been available regarding children who are acquiring more than one language, simultaneously, during the early part of their lives. However, related work in this area, particularly in schooling contexts, has 23 24 Teaching and Learning in Two Languages centered on the linguistic, cognitive, and social/communicative aspects of language acquisition. That is, research with young multilingual populations has concentrated independently in three areas: (1) the developmental nature of phonology, morphology, and syntax; (2) related cognitive attributes; and (3) the social/discourse characteristics of communication.
Diaz and Klinger (1991) outline how language as a tool of thought has major consequences for a child’s cognitive development. As language skills develop, a child’s cognitive processes become more independent from the directly perceived environment. Through the use of language, children can organize and reconstruct their perceptions in terms of their own goals and intentions. Language development allows the child to act reflectively, according to a plan, rather than impulsively. As their language abilities mature, children can ultimately gain control over their own cognitive processes.
2% of nonimmigrants (Garcia, 2001b). But contrary to the general impression, most immigrants do not live in the nation’s central cities. In fact, immigrants are just as likely as nonimmigrants to live in the suburbs. The primary difference between the two groups is that nonimmigrants are much more likely to live in rural areas while immigrants are more likely to live in central cities. (Camarota, 2001). Immigration today is part of an increasingly transnational phenomenon based on borderless economies, new communication technologies, and new systems of mass transportation.
Teaching And Learning in Two Languages: Bilingualism And Schooling in the United States (Multicultural Education Series) by Eugene E. Garcia