By Tony Hall
Cities extend, upwards and outwards, and their actual constitution can final a long time, not only tens yet 1000's of years. however, they're not often designed for enlargement. Their format doesn't permit for extension or for the retrofitting of infrastructure and will constrain, and infrequently hinder, the expansion and alter of actions inside them - towns will not be 'robust' of their layout. In different phrases, switch isn't deliberate for yet contains expensive reconstruction.
The strong City argues powerful, expandable and sustainable city shape may be deduced from making plans pursuits. improvement are not simply keep on with public delivery corridors yet shouldn't be allowed past strolling distance from them. this might create 'green enclaves' that might let not just leisure entry but additionally the retrofitting of infrastructure and the effective move of motorized vehicles. a similar ideas may be utilized inside neighbourhoods and to facilitate the rational dealing with of city intensification.
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Towns extend, upwards and outwards, and their actual constitution can final a long time, not only tens yet enormous quantities of years. however, they're hardly designed for enlargement. Their format doesn't permit for extension or for the retrofitting of infrastructure and will constrain, and sometimes hinder, the expansion and alter of actions inside them - towns usually are not 'robust' of their layout.
Additional resources for The Robust City
Small areas of private space in front of buildings can facilitate this through planting and garden ornaments. Personalisation can also be achieved through modification of the material and shape of a building. Within the limits imposed by other objectives (especially aesthetics) this is something to be encouraged. Over and above these considerations, there is also the more subjective one of character and/or sense of place, stemming from the goal of pursuit of quality of life. The sub-goal of desire for beautiful surroundings leads to: • conservation of heritage, deriving from long-term cultural values; • enhancement of existing, or creation of new, character.
If a new town or city is designed as a whole then the quantity of infrastructure required will be clear from the beginning. Unfortunately for the provider, a large part must also be provided from the beginning. Even if phased, for the construction of the new town a lot of infrastructure will still be needed up front. There will be a need for a substantial and complete set of roads, schools, hospitals etc. from an early date. It is often argued that this is the problem for housing development in the form of new settlements as opposed to the incremental growth of existing towns.
Is planning concerned with ‘giving people what they want’? There are many problems with a goal such as this. Do people actually know what they want? Even if they did, could these wants be clearly expressed and articulated? If everyone could have what they wanted all of the time then not only planning but all government would be redundant. Government in general, and planning in particular, are necessary because everybody cannot have what they want all of the time, even if these wants could be precisely identified.
The Robust City by Tony Hall